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Trd: Benytter Russland Egypt som en villig venn for styrke maktbalansen i Midt-sten?

  1. #1
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    Exclamation Benytter Russland Egypt som en villig venn for styrke maktbalansen i Midt-sten?



    Benytter Russland Egypt som en villig venn for styrke maktbalansen i Midt-sten?

    Av admin
    MILFORUM

    Moskva indikerer overfor franske myndigheter at russiske systemer kan forbli p de mye omdiskuterte hangarskipene av Mistral-klasse, dersom kjperen er Egypt eller India. Dette meldte franske Le Monde i forrige mned. Egypt er det landet som ligger best ann i forhandlingene om overtakelse av kontrakten etter at Frankrike nektet levere de to skipene til Russland som flge av Russlands overgrep i Ukraina.

    Ved en eventuell avtale med egypterne, srger Russland for at landets militre bnd styrkes, noe russerne veldig gjerne ser at skjer. P samme mte som Russland er veldig opptatt av styrke relasjonen til Syria og Iran. I begynnelsen av august ble Frankrike og Russland enige om en tilbakebetaling av nr en milliard euro tilbake til russerne. Av dette bestr russisk telekom og missilsystemer for ca 57 millioner euro.

    Men det interessante ved Egypt som mulig kjper er Saudi Arabia, som vil kunne st for finansieringen av de to skipene for Egypt. Egypts marine da vil kunne fungere som en forlenget arm til kongedmmet, og siden begge landene er dominert av sunnimuslimer, ser de bde Irans fremtidige atomvpenmuskel som en stor regional fare men ogs Yemen og uroen der. Den 30. juli signerte begge landene Cairo Declaration som tar sikte p kt militr og konomisk aktivitet landene i mellom.

    Frankrike og Egypt har kt samarbeid etter Morsis avgang og avtaler ble signert i feburar i r om kjp av militrt utstyr til en verdi av USD 5.2 milliarder bestende av 24 jagerfly av typen Rafale samt en multirolle fregatt av typen FREMM, DCNS fregatter, fire Gowind korvetter, MBDA og Sagem rakettsystemer, samt mulig kjp av to ytterligere korvetter.

    Det er et interessant maktspill som pgr i disse dager om de franske hangarskipene, samt med situasjonen med utspring i Syria som bakteppe. Bde Russland og USA strever med f kontroll p Midt-sten, og p samme tid opplever USA at gamle allierte land i Midt-sten n penlyst flrter med Putin. Egypts president Abdel Fattah el-Sissi har hatt allerede hatt fire offisielle besk til Moskva etter at han tok over makten for to r siden. Selv USAs venner i Jordan har n beskt Kremlin, som Kong Abdullah II av Jordan, som beskte Putin i august i r.

    Det tegner seg til bli et intrikat og interessant spill om Midt-sten i tiden som kommer. Og nr det gjelder hangarskipene; – benytter Putin situasjonen ved trekke Egypt enda nrmere moder Russland og sledes styrke sine kort i jakten p russisk dominans i regionen?

    MILFORUM

    Kilder: Le Monde, Defence News, Wikipedia

  2. #2
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    Sv: Benytter Russland Egypt som en villig venn for styrke maktbalansen i Midt-sten

    Fearing ISIS And Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia Eye French Mistral Warships Originally Bound For Russia

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    Fearing ISIS And Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia Eye French Mistral Warships Originally Bound For Russia

    Egypt and Saudi Arabia are eyeing two Mistral warships that France originally sold to Russia before backing out of the deal, Agence France-Presse reported Friday, citing an unnamed French official. The two Sunni Arab nations are grappling with regional threats posed by militants like the Islamic State group, and Saudi Arabia has been deeply unsettled by a recent nuclear deal between Shiite Iran and Western leaders.
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  3. #3
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    Sv: Benytter Russland Egypt som en villig venn for styrke maktbalansen i Midt-sten

    Egypt landet dealen skal vi tro presidenten i FR:

    France Says Egypt To Buy Mistral Warships

    France Says Egypt To Buy Mistral Warships

    PARIS French President Francois Hollande said Wednesday Egypt had agreed to buy two Mistral warships which France built for Russia before scrapping the sale over the Ukraine crisis.

    The deal is the second big military contract this year between France and Egypt, which Hollande said he increasingly views as a strategic partner.

    "It was my preferred buyer because we already have military cooperation with Egypt," Hollande said of the deal he struck with President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. "Egypt plays an important role in the Middle East and wants to move towards a democratic transition, which is not easy, and we should support their efforts."

    French government sources said Egypt would pay 950 million (US $1 billion) for the warships, with "significant" financing from Saudi Arabia.

    The two warships, which can each carry 16 helicopters, four landing craft and 13 tanks, were ordered by Russia in 2011 in a 1.2 billion euro deal.

    France found itself in an awkward situation as the delivery date neared in 2014, with ties between Russia and the West plunging to Cold War lows over Moscow's annexation of Crimea and support for separatists in eastern Ukraine.

    Paris faced the wrath of its allies around the world if it were to deliver the technology to Russia, and decided to cancel the delivery. It was an expensive decision for France, which has had to foot the bill of over 1 billion for the upkeep of the ships and the cost of training 400 Russian sailors to crew them.

    After months of intense negotiations, France and Russia agreed on the reimbursement of the deal in August. Paris returned 949.7 million which had already been paid and also committed not to sell the two warships to a country that could "contravene Russia's interests," such as Poland or the Baltic states, a diplomatic source told AFP.

    Several other countries were said to be interested in the warships, including Canada, India and Singapore.

    The Defense Ministry source who revealed the cost of the ships said they were due to be delivered to Egypt in March.

    Ships After Jets

    The deal comes after Egypt became the first foreign buyer of France's Rafale fighter jet, agreeing to purchase 24 in February in what Paris hailed as an "historic" accord. The 5.2 billion (US $5.9 billion) sale of the planes and a frigate was a rare triumph for France, which had failed to export its flagship multirole combat jet.

    However rights group Amnesty International slammed the decision to sell the planes to a nation it has accused of "alarming" human rights abuses.

    Analysts said that deal required overlooking some serious abuses by a regime which Paris sees as a bulwark against several threats in the region.

    With Libya to the west wracked by instability, and the threat from Islamic State-linked jihadists on its eastern flank, Egypt has become a strategic partner to France despite a rights record sullied by Sisi's brutal crackdown on opponents.

    Sisi was elected president in May 2014 with almost 97 percent of the vote a year after toppling the country's first freely elected leader, Islamist Mohamed Morsi. A subsequent crackdown on Morsi's supporters left at least 1,400 dead and thousands more in jail.

    Hollande said during a visit to Egypt in August that the ever-closer ties between Paris and Cairo stemmed from the "fight against terrorism."

    "Unfortunately it is the Egyptian people who pay the price," Didier Billion of the Paris-based Institute of Strategic and International Relations said at the time of the Rafale sale.

    "We can shut our eyes over the rights situation in Egypt but we can't shut our eyes over Russia, because Russia is at the centre of an international power struggle," said Billion.

    Sisi was also the subject of scathing global criticism over the detention and trial of Al-Jazeera journalists, two of whom he pardoned on Tuesday on the eve of a major Muslim holiday.

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