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  • Fokus: Latvia

    Click image for larger version  Name:	Latvia.JPG Views:	73 Size:	240,2 KB ID:	1034107

    Latvia,
    offisielt Republikken Latvia er et land i Nord-Europa og er en av de tre baltiske statene. Republikken grenser til Østersjøen i vest, til Estland i nord, til Russland i øst, til Hviterussland i sørøst og til Litauen i sør. Med 1 972 000 innbyggere og et territorium på 64589 km² er Latvia et av de minst befolkningsrike og minst tett befolkede landene i Den europeiske union. Latvias hovedstad er Riga og det offisielle språket latvisk. Euro ble i 2014 innført som valuta. Landet har et temperert klima.

    Latvierne er et baltisk folk, kulturelt relatert til estlenderne og litauerne. Sammen med livere er latvierne de innfødte folkene i Latvia. Språket er et indoeuropeisk språk. Landet er også hjem til baltiske russere som utgjør en stor del (27,4 % i 2011) av befolkningen hvor det finnes en stor andel som ikke har statsborgerskap. Latvia er historisk et protestantisk land, med unntak av regionen Latgale i sørøst som i hovedsak er katolsk.

    Republikken Latvias grunnleggelse var den 18. november 1918. Landet var okkupert av Sovjetunionen mellom 1940 og 1941 og 1945–1991 og av Tyskland i perioden 1941-1945. Latvia erklærte gjeninnføringen av sin de facto uavhengighet den 21. august 1991.

    Latvia er medlem av FN, EU, Europarådet, NATO, OSSE, IMF og WTO, og er del av Schengen-traktaten.

    Forsvar:

    The National Armed Forces (Latvian: Nacionālie Bruņotie Spēki (NAF)) of Latvia consists of the Land Forces, Naval Forces, Air Force, National Guard, Special Tasks Unit, Military Police, NAF staff Battalion, Training and Doctrine Command, and Logistics Command. Latvia's defence concept is based upon the Swedish-Finnish model of a rapid response force composed of a mobilisation base and a small group of career professionals. From 1 January 2007, Latvia switched to a professional fully contract-based army.

    Latvia participates in international peacekeeping and security operations. Latvian armed forces have contributed to NATO and EU military operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1996–2009), Albania (1999), Kosovo (2000–2009), Macedonia (2003), Iraq (2005–2006), Afghanistan (since 2003), Somalia (since 2011) and Mali (since 2013).Latvia also took part in the US-led Multi-National Force operation in Iraq (2003–2008) and OSCE missions in Georgia, Kosovo and Macedonia.[140] Latvian armed forces contributed to a UK-led Battlegroup in 2013 and the Nordic Battlegroup in 2015 under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) of the European Union. Latvia acts as the lead nation in the coordination of the Northern Distribution Network for transportation of non-lethal ISAF cargo by air and rail to Afghanistan. It is part of the Nordic Transition Support Unit (NTSU), which renders joint force contributions in support of Afghan security structures ahead of the withdrawal of Nordic and Baltic ISAF forces in 2014. Since 1996 more than 3600 military personnel have participated in international operations, of whom 7 soldiers perished.[Per capita, Latvia is one of the largest contributors to international military operations.

    Latvian civilian experts have contributed to EU civilian missions: border assistance mission to Moldova and Ukraine (2005–2009), rule of law missions in Iraq (2006 and 2007) and Kosovo (since 2008), police mission in Afghanistan (since 2007) and monitoring mission in Georgia (since 2008).

    Since March 2004, when the Baltic states joined NATO, fighter jets of NATO members have been deployed on a rotational basis for the Baltic Air Policing mission at Šiauliai Airport in Lithuania to guard the Baltic airspace. Latvia participates in several NATO Centres of Excellence: Civil-Military Co-operation in the Netherlands, Cooperative Cyber Defence in Estonia and Energy Security in Lithuania. It plans to establish the NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence in Riga.

    Latvia co-operates with Estonia and Lithuania in several trilateral Baltic defence co-operation initiatives:
    • Baltic Battalion (BALTBAT) – infantry battalion for participation in international peace support operations, headquartered near Riga, Latvia;
    • Baltic Naval Squadron (BALTRON) – naval force with mine countermeasures capabilities, headquartered near Tallinn, Estonia;
    • Baltic Air Surveillance Network (BALTNET) – air surveillance information system, headquartered near Kaunas, Lithuania;
    • Joint military educational institutions: Baltic Defence College in Tartu, Estonia, Baltic Diving Training Centre in Liepāja, Latvia and Baltic Naval Communications Training Centre in Tallinn, Estonia.

    Future co-operation will include sharing of national infrastructures for training purposes and specialisation of training areas (BALTTRAIN) and collective formation of battalion-sized contingents for use in the NATO rapid-response force. In January 2011, the Baltic states were invited to join NORDEFCO, the defence framework of the Nordic countries. In November 2012, the three countries agreed to create a joint military staff in 2013.
    Last edited by Rittmester; DTG 091034 Nov 20, .
    Odd objects attract fire. You are odd.

  • #2
    Latvia wants US troops, and is ready to pay for them.

    The Baltic country is looking to open talks with the US about putting American boots on the ground in Latvia, a move that would surely make Moscow unhappy.

    https://breakingdefense.com/2020/07/...370.1594333603
    Odd objects attract fire. You are odd.

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