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    Fokus: Indonesia

    Den indonesiske republikk er et land bestående av 17 508 øyer i Sørøst-Asia mellom Australia og det asiatiske fastlandet. Med en befolkning på om lag 237,5 millioner mennesker er Indonesia det fjerde mest folkerike land i verden, det land i verden med flest muslimer og verdens tredje største demokrati etter India og USA. Det har vært avholdt frie valg siden 1998. Indonesias hovedstad er Jakarta. Landet grenser til Papua Ny-Guinea, Øst-Timor og Malaysia.

    Rundt 6 000 av landets mange øyer er bebodd. De seks største og mest befolkede øyene er: Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Bali, Kalimantan og Vest-Papua.

    Den 26. august 2019 kunngjorde president Jokowi (Joko Widodo) at Jakarta skal miste sin rolle som Indonesias hovedstad og at den nye hovedstad planlegger å skulle ligge slik at den både innen North Penajam Paser Regency og Kutai Kartanegara Regency, hegge i Kalimantan Timur (Øst-Kalimantan). Dette er på øya Borneo. For at beslutningen skal bli offisiell, trengs først en godkjennelse i parlamentet.

    Forsvar:
    Indonesia's Armed Forces (TNI) include the Army (TNI–AD), Navy (TNI–AL, which includes Marine Corps), and Air Force (TNI–AU).The army has about 400,000 active-duty personnel. Defence spending in the national budget was 0.7% of GDP in 2018, with controversial involvement of military-owned commercial interests and foundations. The Armed Forces were formed during the Indonesian National Revolution when it undertook guerrilla warfare along with informal militia. Since then, territorial lines have formed the basis of all TNI branches' structure, aimed at maintaining domestic stability and deterring foreign threats. The military has possessed a strong political influence since its founding, which peaked during the New Order. Political reforms in 1998 included the removal of the TNI's formal representation from the legislature. Nevertheless, its political influence remains, albeit at a reduced level.

    Since independence, the country has struggled to maintain unity against local insurgencies and separatist movements. Some, notably in Aceh and Papua, have led to an armed conflict, and subsequent allegations of human rights abuses and brutality from all sides. The former was resolved peacefully in 2005, while the latter continues, amid a significant, albeit imperfect, implementation of regional autonomy laws, and a reported decline in the levels of violence and human rights abuses since 2004. Other engagements of the army include the campaign against the Netherlands New Guinea to incorporate the territory into Indonesia, the Konfrontasi to oppose the creation of Malaysia, the mass killings of PKI, and the invasion of East Timor, which remains Indonesia's most massive military operation.


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    Odd objects attract fire. You are odd.
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    #2
    USA har godkjent et eventuelt salg av V-22 Osprey til Indonesia. Denne artikkelen argumenterer for at denne er perfekt for Indonisia med sine mange øyer:

    https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zon...y-can-buy-them
    Odd objects attract fire. You are odd.

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    • #3
      https://www.navalnews.com/naval-news...e-water-force/

      https://www.navyrecognition.com/inde...-frigates.html

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        #4
        Legg gjerne inn litt informasjon om hva som ligger bak lenkene dine.

        Znuddel - mod
        Odd objects attract fire. You are odd.

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