Starter egen tråd om Polen. EU og NATO-medlem.
Polen, offisielt Republikken Polen er et land i Sentral-Europa, og grenser i vest mot Tyskland, i sør mot Tsjekkia og Slovakia, i øst mot Ukraina og Hviterussland, og i nord mot Østersjøen, Litauen og Russland.
Polens historie er en fortelling om et land i stadige forandringer. På 1500-tallet var Polen Europas nest største land etter Moskva, mens på 1800-tallet fantes det ingen polsk stat untat det lille Hertugdømmet Warszawa og Fristaden Krakow. Polen slik man kjenner landet i dag oppsto i 1918 etter første verdenskrig, en dag som feires hvert år den 11. november. Etter store ødeleggelser under andre verdenskrig kom Polen etter krigen under sovjetisk okkupasjon, og det var ikke før mot slutten av 1980-tallet at selvstyret ble mer reelt. Etter kommunismens fall ble Polen et vestlig demokrati igjen og den 1. mai 2004 ble de medlem av EU.
Polish Armed Forces
Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland (Siły Zbrojne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, abbreviated SZ RP; popularly, Wojsko Polskie, abbreviated WP—roughly, the "Polish Military") are the national armed forces of Poland. The name has been used since the early nineteenth century, but can also be applied to earlier periods. The Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland are the Wojska Lądowe (Land Forces), Marynarka Wojenna (Navy), Siły Powietrzne (Air Force) and Wojska Specjalne (Special Forces) and are under the command of the Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej (Ministry of National Defense). From 2002 until 2014, Polish military forces were part of the Coalition Forces that participated in the ISAF mission in Afganistan led by NATO. Poland's contribution to ISAF was the country's largest, since its entrance into NATO. Polish forces also took part in the Iraq War. From 2003 to 2008, Polish military forces commanded the Multinational Division (MND-CS) located in the South-Central Zone of Iraq. This zone was populated by about 5 million Iraqis, and covered an area of over 65,632 km². The division was made up of troops from 23 nations and totaled as many as 8,500 soldiers.
Equipment of the Polish Army
The Polish military continues to use some Soviet-era equipment; however, since joining NATO in 1999, Poland has been upgrading and modernizing its hardware to NATO standards. The General Staff has been reorganized into a NATO-compatible J/G-1 through J/G-6 structure. Recent modernization projects include the acquisition of (48) F-16 fighter jets from the United States, (128) Leopard 2 MBTs from Germany, ATGM technology from Israel (as well as possible future acquisition of Rafael Python 5 missiles), and (690) Patria AMV AFVs from Finland.
Hundreds of troops, dozens of aircraft and missile launchers in Poland's major military parade
WARSAW, Poland (AP) — Dozens of fighter jets soared, tanks rumbled and hundreds of troops marched in a Polish military parade Saturday, a show of force on the national armed forces' holiday.
Poland's new President Andrzej Duda, who is the armed forces' supreme commander, received the parade in downtown Warsaw, along with Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz and Defense Minister Tomasz Siemoniak.
F-16 and MiG-29 fighters, C-130 Hercules transport planes and helicopters flew overhead, while Rosomak and Stryker armored vehicles and Langusta missile launchers rumbled through downtown Warsaw in front of thousands of spectators. U.S. and Canadian troops, taking part in NATO exercises in Poland, also participated.
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World digest: Aug. 15, 2015
POLAND U.S. takes part in armed-forces parade
Dozens of fighter jets soared, tanks rumbled and hundreds of troops marched in a Polish military parade Saturday, a show of force on the armed forces’ national holiday. U.S. and Canadian troops, taking part in NATO exercises in Poland, also participated. New Polish President Andrzej Duda, who is the armed forces’ supreme commander, received the parade in downtown Warsaw, along with Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz and Defense Minister Tomasz Siemoniak. Duda, who took office Aug. 6, said he wants to strengthen Poland’s armed forces and raise NATO’s presence in the country as a deterrent in the face of a resurgent Russia and an armed conflict in neighboring Ukraine.
Polish President Duda remembers Battle of Warsaw
The ceremony marks Army Day, a national holiday, which celebrates the 95th anniversary of the Battle of Warsaw at which the newly formed Polish army under Piłsudski defeated the Red Army at the gates of Warsaw.
U.S. Oil Exports – For Our Security And The World’s
in comments to USA Today; and Michele Flournoy, President Obama’s former undersecretary of defense for policy, in congressional testimony this week. Flournoy:
“… we should not underestimate the degree to which becoming an oil exporter could impact perceptions of the United States as a vital global power, helping to discredit erroneous narratives of U.S. decline. … When more supply originates from producers who are not vulnerable to political instability, conflict or threats to their energy infrastructure, the overall market becomes more stable. … [A]llowing U.S. oil exports would enhance the energy security of key U.S. partners, from Poland to India to Japan. Indeed, our closest allies in Europe and Northeast Asia would welcome – and have asked for – the unrestricted export of U.S. crude oil. … Enabling U.S. oil exports would strengthen our geopolitical influence, leadership and leverage with allies and adversaries alike.”
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Poland establishes a UAV-dedicated airbase
Poland’s Ministry of Defense, in the light of the wide scope of UAV procurement programmes, decided to create a dedicated airbase for the unmanned systems. A base currently used by the Polish Air Force Su-22 jets.
Polish UAV programs aim at procurement of the following systems:
• Zefir – MALE UCAV, with high level of autonomy – 12 vehicles are going to be acquired within the scope of this program;
• Gryf – Tactical MALE recce UAV – 12 examples to be acquired;
• Orlik – tactical short range UAV – 12 packages with 3 to 5 platforms in each are going to be procured;
• Wizjer – mini-UAV, similar to the WB Electronics FlyEye – 15 packages with 4-5 UAVs in each package are going to be purchased;
• Ważka – VTOL mini UAV program – need of acquiring 15 UAVs of this type has been expressed;
• Micro-UAV – the smallest VTOL UAV which is going to be used by the special forces’ assault teams in order to increase their situational awareness.
Mirosławiec base is going to be equipped with the above-mentioned Gryf, Orlik and Zefir UAVs.
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Bee’ drones, developed for Polish military, offer both surveillance and sting
The Polish military will soon have “Bee” drones’ accompanying its “Wolverine” (Rosomak) armored personnel carriers.
A Polish firm says it has developed incredibly tiny drones that can fly on battlefields for 30 minutes. WB electronics adds that its “Bee” drones don’t just offer surveillance capabilities — they can attack small targets with explosive charges.
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Ukraine should resume power supplies to Poland in near future: PM
Ukraine should resume power exports to Poland in the near future in order to help the country overcome power shortages, the prime minister said Thursday.
Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatseniuk ordered the Energy and Coal Industry Ministry to take immediate steps to ensure maximum possible supplies of power to Poland, the government said in a statement.
"We have to support our friends in Poland and do everything possible to help our partners to stabilize the situation in the country's energy sector as soon as possible," Yatseniuk said in a statement.
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